Placemaking with Children and Youth

Participatory Practices for Planning Sustainable Communities

Foreword by David Driskell, Willem van Vliet

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From a history of children's rights to case studies discussing international initiatives that aim to create child-friendly cities, Placemaking with Children and Youth offers comprehensive
guidance in how to engage children and youth in the planning and design of local environments. It explains the importance of children's active participation in their societies and presents ways to bring all generations together to plan cities with a high quality of life for people of all ages. Not only does it delineate best practices in establishing programs and partnerships, it also provides guidelines for working ethically with children, youth, and families, paying particular attention to the inclusion of marginalized populations.

Drawing on case studies from around the world—in Australia, Canada, India, Puerto Rico, the Netherlands, South Africa, and the United States—Placemaking with Children and Youth showcases children's global participation in community design and illustrates how a variety of methods can be combined in initiatives to achieve meaningful change. Whether seeking information on individual methods and project planning or establishing and evaluating a sustained program, readers can find practical ideas and inspiration from six continents to create better cities for all ages.

Victoria Derr is Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at California State University Monterey Bay, where her teaching and research focus on the intersections between sustainable communities, environmental education, and social justice. From 2012–2016, she served as a co-coordinator of Growing Up Boulder at the University of Colorado.

Louise Chawla is Professor Emerita in the Program in Environmental Design at the University of Colorado Boulder. With degrees in Environmental Psychology and Education and Child Development, her research areas are children and nature, children in cities, participatory planning and design, and the development of committed action for the environment.

Mara Mintzer is Director of Growing Up Boulder, a program in the Community Engagement Design and Research Center at University of Colorado Boulder. She writes and speaks internationally about engaging young voices in city planning. She also has designed and implemented many programs for under-represented children and families.

Details

Title Placemaking with Children and Youth
Subtitle Participatory Practices for Planning Sustainable Communities
Foreword by David Driskell, Willem van Vliet
Publisher New Village Press
Title First Published 18 September 2018
 

Summary

Foreword by David Driskell and Willem van Vliet
Acknowledgements

Dedication

List of Boxes
List of Figures

List of Forms

List of Tables

Orientation to the Chapters

A Word about the Instructions and Time Allocations in this Book


Chapter One: Introduction/Growing Together through Participatory Practice
An International Framework for Children's Participation
Changing Contexts of Urban Planning

Child Friendly Cities

Methods of Participation
Why it Matters


Chapter Two: Supporting Young People’s Engagement
Establishing Programs and Partnerships
Implementing Projects

Sustaining Programs


Chapter Three: Ethics of Participation
Ethical Relationships among Participants

Everyday Ethics in Action

Ethical Methods of Gathering, Sharing, and Using Information


Chapter Four: Understanding Communities through Background Research
Secondary Sources
Demographic Data
Historical Documents
Maps
Interviews

Key
Informant Interviews
Survey Interviews
Observations
Informal Observations and "Hanging Out"

Behavior Mapping
Photo Documentation
Photogrids

Before and After Photographs


Chapter Five: Art-Based Methods
Drawings

Variation: Intergenerational Drawings
Murals

Variation: Intergenerational Mural Making
Variation: Banners Collage
Nicho Boxes
Photographic Methods
Photovoice

Photography with Hesitant Youth
Leadership among Farmworker Families, Salinas, California
Photo-Drawing
Storytelling and Writing
Digital Stories
Participatory Video

Three Dimensional Models
Variation: City as Play
Role Plays, Dramas, and Puppet Shows
Personscape
A Typical Day
Drama
Puppet Shows


Chapter Six: Interviews, Focus Groups and Surveys
Interviews

Adults Interviewing Children
Variation: Interviews with Puppets

Adults Interviewing Other Adults about Children

Children and Youth Interviewing Adults and Other Young People
Focus Groups and Other Group Discussions
Focus Groups
Other Discussion Groups
Photo-Elicitation
Activity Diaries

Variation: Aerial Geographic Diaries
Variation: Sunrise to Sunset
Surveys and Questionnaires
Visual Preference Surveys

 

Chapter Seven: Into the City
Child-Led Tours

Variation: Child-led Tours through Simulated Environments
Variation: Town Trails
Learning Expeditions

Photo-Framing

Photogrids

Bioblitz Inventories

Software Applications for Site Information and Evaluation
Map Making
Area Sketch Maps
Route Maps
Variation: Sound Maps
Variation: Collage Maps
Variation: Stream or River Maps
Mobility Maps

Community Mapping—Creating and Using a Base Map
Variation: Explorer Maps
Variation: Three-Dimensional Relief Maps
Participatory GIS


Chapter Eight: Workshops and Community Events
Charrettes + Co-Design

Variation: Co-Design Youth Manual
Child-Participatory Budgeting
Child and Youth Presentations
Celebrations

Gulliver’s Footprints
Futures Festivals

Living Laboratories

Improving Community Commons


Chapter Nine: Organizing, Analyzing, and Reporting Ideas
Reviewing Goals and Identifying Outcomes

Analyzing and Interpreting

Expressing Ideas through Young People’s Words and Images
Reports Generated by Young People

Reporting Back to Young People


Chapter Ten: Reflection and Evaluation
Reflection and Evaluation with Adult Stakeholders
The Most Significant Change Technique

Pre- and Post-Photographs

Children and Youth as Evaluators

Questionnaires

Working with External Evaluators

Aligning Outcome and Evaluation Measures


Chapter Eleven: Putting It Together and Taking Action
Participatory Schoolyard Design, London, Ontario, Canada

Designing and Child-Friendly Hospital: Phila Impilo!, KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng Provinces,
South Africa

Designing a Child-Friendly Neighborhood: Dapto Dreaming, New South Wales, Australia
Developing Safe Cities for Children: Safe Community Program, Bhopal and Mumbai, India
Great Neighborhoods: Young People’s Perspectives for a Comprehensive Housing Strategy,
Boulder, Colorado, United States

Move Around and Play in The Hague, The Netherlands

Design-Build with Children to Revive Remnant Public Spaces, San Juan, Puerto Rico

Open Space Planning, Boulder, Colorado, United States


Chapter Twelve: Conclusion


References
Index

Reviews

Advanced Praise for Placemaking
This wonderful book recognizes that sustainable development calls for highly participatory local communities, including children and youth, who can cooperatively plan for and flexibly respond to environmental change. Based on this engaged view of citizenship, it offers a comprehensive range of practical methods for everyone who would like to better involve young people in this effort. ~ Roger Hart, Professor of Psychology and Geography at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and author of Children's Participation: The Theory and Practice of Involving Young Citizens in Community Development and Environmental Care
...more

- Advanced Praise for Placemaking

Events

2018 Partners in Prevention Conference
Arlington Convention Center, Arlington, Texas, Sept.25th-27th

Mara Mintzer, co-author of Placemaking for Children and Youth, will be delivering a keynote address at the 18th annual Partners in Prevention Conference, at 12:30pm. From 1:45-2:45, Mintzer will be selling copies of her books at her table, and from 3:45-5:00pm, she will be holding a workshop breakout session.



Placemaking with Children and Youth Book Launch
Boulder Book Store, 1107 Pearl Street, Boulder, CO 80302, October 4th, 7:30pm

Boulder Book Store will host a launch event for Placemaking with Children and Youth with authors Mara Mintzer and Louise Chawla. The two authors will discuss themes from this extraordinary guidebook as well as sign copies and read chapter excerpts. The $5 entrance fee for the event can go towards a copy of the new book. We hope to see you there!



Placemaking with Children and Youth Book Launch
Boulder Book Store, 1107 Pearl Street, Boulder, CO 80302, October 4th, 7:30pm

Boulder Book Store will host a launch event for Placemaking with Children and Youth with authors Mara Mintzer and Louise Chawla. The two authors will discuss themes from this extraordinary guidebook as well as sign copies and read chapter excerpts. The $5 entrance fee for the event can go towards a copy of the new book. We hope to see you there!



Placemaking with Children and Youth Book Launch
Boulder Book Store, 1107 Pearl Street, Boulder, CO 80302, October 4th, 7:30pm

Boulder Book Store will host a launch event for Placemaking with Children and Youth with authors Mara Mintzer and Louise Chawla. The two authors will discuss themes from this extraordinary guidebook as well as sign copies and read chapter excerpts. The $5 entrance fee for the event can go towards a copy of the new book. We hope to see you there!



Placemaking with Children and Youth Book Launch
Boulder Book Store, 1107 Pearl Street, Boulder, CO 80302, October 4th, 7:30pm

Boulder Book Store will host a launch event for Placemaking with Children and Youth with authors Mara Mintzer and Louise Chawla. The two authors will discuss themes from this extraordinary guidebook as well as sign copies and read chapter excerpts. The $5 entrance fee for the event can go towards a copy of the new book. We hope to see you there!



47th North American Association for Environmental Education Annual Conference
Spokane, WA, October 9th-13th

Louise Chawla, coauthor of Placemaking with Children and Youth, will be participating in two group events and signing copies of her new book at a reserved book table and a poster session. The NAAEE Conference is a conference for environmental education professionals, designed to promote innovation, networking, learning, and dissemination of best practices. This year's conference theme is EE: A Force for the Future


Global Engagement and Spaces of Practice
Seattle, WA, October 11th-13th

As a part of the Global Engagement and Spaces of Practice Conference, Victoria Derr- lead author of Placemaking with Children and Youth- will be hosting a session about Embedding Global Learning and Engagement in Institutional Missions and Campus-Wide Reforms. Derr will show how environmental studies courses can promote cultural inclusion and progressive planning with local communities. Derr's session will be held on the third day of the conference, October 13th, at 9:45 am.