The Occupy Wall Street movement has challenged the physical manifestation of the First Amendment rights to freedom of assembly. Where and how can people congregate today? Forty social scientists, planners, architects, and civil liberties experts explore the definition, use, role, and importance of public space for the exercise of our democratic rights to free expression. The book also discusses whose voice is heard and what factors limit the participation of minorities in Occupy activities. This foundational work puts issues of democracy and civic engagement back into the center of dialogue about the built environment.
Beyond Zuccotti Park is part of a larger collaborative initiative, Democracy, Equity and the Public Realm, that includes a traveling photographic exhibition and a series of public forums, public and academic study groups, and a website. The book and exhibit launch will be held in New York City in September, 2012, with related events in Oakland/Berkeley, Seattle, Boston, Salt Lake City, Chicago, Los Angeles, Portland, and Washington, DC. The initiative is building public understanding around issues of democracy and equity, while improving the design, use, and access to public spaces for free expression.
Named Top Ten 2013 Books by Planetizen
Beyond Zuccotti Park media release
Visit the Beyond Zuccotti Park website to learn more!
Beyond Zuccotti Park is a collaborative effort of Pratt Graduate Center for Planning and the Environment, City College of New York School of Architecture, New Village Press and its parent organization, Architects/Designers/Planners for Social Responsibility. The book is part of an open civic inquiry on the part of these organizations. The project was seeded by a series of free public forums—Freedom of Assembly: Public Space Today—held at the Center for Architecture in response to the forced clearance of Occupy activities from Zuccotti Park and public plazas throughout the country. The first two recorded programs took place on December 17, 2011 and February 4, 2012.
"What was it about Zuccotti Park, and other public spaces around the world, that helps explain its success? And how can we preserve and strengthen such spaces as places of protest? This book, like Zuccotti itself, is a site of vigorous conversation, hard thinking, and bold proposals on such issues."
—Mike Wallace, coauthor of Pulitzer Prize-winning Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898
"Beyond Zuccotti Park is an insightful and relevant book that challenges us to think differently about the role of public space for civic engagement. If you believe in the First Amendment's right to freedom of assembly, then this is the book to read."
—Mitchell Silver, AICP, President, American Planning Association
"A free and open public discussion is well understood to be fundamental to a democracy. Beyond Zuccotti Park confirms how important accessible open space is to that public discussion and illuminates the policy issues raised by the Occupy Wall Street movement. This diverse collection of voices raises important questions about how to define a genuine public space that is not merely a poor excuse for a zoning bonus that in the end actually limits the public access promised."
—Roberta Brandes Gratz, author of The Battle for Gotham: New York in the Shadow of Robert Moses and Jane Jacobs
Beyond Zuccotti Park
Freedom of Assembly and the Occupation of Public Space
Roland V. Anglin, Caron Atlas, Thomas Balsley, Terri Baltimore, Shirin Barghi, Rick Bell, Marshall Berman, Julian Brash, Wendy E. Brawer, Paul Broches, Carlton Brown, Lance Jay Brown, David Burney, Brennan S. Cavanaugh, Susan Chin, Alexander Cooper, Arthur Eisenberg, Lynne Elizabeth, Anastassia Fisyak, Karen A. Franck, Michael Freedman-Schnapp, Mindy Thompson Fullilove, Gan Golan, Jeffrey Hou, Te-Sheng Huang, Lisa Keller, Brad Lander, Peter Marcuse, Jonathan Marvel, Signe Nielsen, Michael Pyatok, Michael Rios, Jonathan Rose, Janette Sadik-Khan, Saskia Sassen, Paula Z. Segal, Sadra Shahab, Benjamin Shepard, Ron Shiffman, Gregory Smithsimon, Michael Sorkin, Nikki Stern, Maya Wiley
BISAC Subject Heading
ARC010000 ARCHITECTURE / Urban & Land Use Planning
POL032000 POLITICAL SCIENCE / Essays
SOC041000 SOCIAL SCIENCE / Essays
New Village Press
Title First Published
02 October 2012
Nb of pages
432 p. Index . Appendices .
02 October 2012
Nb of pages
6 x 9 x 1.2 in.
Nb of pages
480 p. Index . Appendices .
02 October 2012
Nb of pages
LANCE JAY BROWN and RON SHIFFMAN
Occupying Public Space, 2011: From Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park
KAREN A. FRANCK and TE-SHENG HUANG
Occupy Wall Street, Social Movements, and Contested Space
"A Stiff Clarifying Test Is in Order": Occupy and Negotiating Rights in Public Space
WENDY E. BRAWER and BRENNAN S. CAVANAUGH
Politics Out of Place: Occupy Wall Street and the Rhetoric of "Filth"
The Office of the People
Some Unresolved Constitutional Questions
2. Emplacing Equity and Social Justice
Making Public, Beyond Public Space
Freedom Corner: Reflections on a Public Space for Dissent in a Fractured City
MINDY THOMPSON FULLILOVE with TERRI BALTIMORE
Occupying Dissent: A Conversation with Maya Wiley
Whose Voice: The Limited Participation of Color in the Occupy Movement
ROLAND V. ANGLIN
Emplacing Democratic Design
3. Reimaging Public Space
The Sidewalks of New York
Room to Grow Something
PAULA Z. SEGAL
Life and Death in Public Places
4. Public Space Over Time
The Grass Is Always Greener: A Brief History of Public Space and Protest in New York City and London
The Romance of Public Space
Places that Matter: Zuccotti Park Before / After / Now
Public Space and Its Disconnects
Public Space Then and in the Future
LANCE JAY BROWN
Pushing Back Boundaries: How Social Movements Are Redefining the Public Space
SADRA SHAHAB and SHIRIN BARGHI
5. Responsive Change
5.1 Public Sector Agents of Change
Occupy and the Provision of Public Space: The Cityʼs Responsibilities
Is "Public Space" Possible?
Making—and Governing—Places for Democracy
BRAD LANDER and MICHAEL FREEDMAN-SCHNAPP
Making Cities Work
5.2 Designers and Developers as Agents of Change
Blurring the Boundaries to Keep Public Space Public
When Domestic Space Meets Civic Space: A Case for Design Populism
Shaping Public Space, Shaping Our City
Public Space: Opening Streets and Sidewalks
Designed to Be Occupied
POPS, Out of the Shadows: A Designer's Perspective
Developing the Public Realm: A Conversation with Jonathan Rose
Programming Public Space: A Conversation with Carlton Brown
RON SHIFFMAN with ANASTASSIA FISYAK
A CALL FOR ACTIONS
RON SHIFFMAN and JEFFREY HOU
by Michael Kimmelman
The Occupy Wall Street movement, with its encampments in Lower Manhattan, Washington, London, and many other cities around the world, proved that no matter how instrumental new media have become in spreading protest these days, nothing replaces people taking to the streets.
Anybody who can recall New York City on September 11, 2001 and during the days after will remember that hundreds of thousands of people went outside to gather in parks and squares and on the sidewalks. They didn't just retreat online. They sought out public spaces to be with each other. Our human instinct is to come together. People occupied those parks and squares and streets, hanging ribbons and photographs on fences, concocting makeshift memorials, gathering in clusters to talk and, in a sense, prove to each other that they belonged to a larger community, a greater city, that this community and this city endured, and that there was strength in numbers. They came together in public spaces to affirm solidarity in ways that online communication can't.
Three-minute video introducing the book with clips from lead editor Ron Shiffman and coeditor Lynne Elizabeth
Jan 7, 2013
In this essay collection, the Occupy Wall Street movement (OWS) presents the catalyst for a multitude of writers to discuss public space, private space, and civic demonstration and assemblage in the gray areas that arise in between. Essays on recent sites of protest, from Zuccotti Park to Tahrir Square, lead off the book's five sections, advocating "for a more reliable guarantee of the public's access" to these locations. A systematic breakdown of City Planning regulations illustrates the 'privately owned public space' loophole that allowed OWS to take over Zuccotti Park. The fourth section, "Public Space Over Time," traces the value of public space in community all the way back to the Ancient Greek agora. In concluding essays about the future of civic demonstration, a central question arises: "[i]n this era of the greatest expansion of the urban realm since the beginning of human civilization…what are the most profound functions to be considered when planning for human congregation?" The editors have assembled a chorus of voices into a fascinating if somewhat disjointed dialogue on the occupation of public space.
New York Times Metro
Sep 21, 2012
If it is still too soon to deliver a verdict on Occupy Wall Street's ultimate legacy, last week’s demonstrations for the movement’s one-year anniversary elevate "Beyond Zuccotti Park: Freedom of Assembly and the Occupation of Public Space" (New Village Press, $19.95) into a timely perspective on public protest.
The anthology includes essays by architects, academics and social critics, including Marshall Berman, Peter Marcuse and Alexander Cooper, and transcribed conversations between Ron Shiffman, one of the editors, and urban planners.
The book's general premise is unarguable: "We need to be vigilant to assure that both the availability of public space and the policies that govern its use in no way impede the right to assemble." ...
- Sam Roberts
A Daily Dose of Architecture
Feb 26, 2013
You can't evict an idea whose time has come
The above words were written when New York City police were evicting Liberty Square (aka Zuccotti Park) and the Occupy Wall Street encampment in November 2011. The statement attempts to maintain the momentum that OWS had gained since taking over Zuccotti Park in Lower Manhattan on September 17 of the same year. But it also implies that the idea is more important than the physical occupation of (semi-)public space, and therefore the latter is not as important or not integral to the movement. Given that OWS is nowhere to be found in the news 15 months after the eviction, this would seem to indicate that physical presence in public space is really important after all. But even if OWS lies in wait, did those two short months have a lasting impact on how public spaces are seen and used? And what does the movement point to in the design and evolution of the city, particularly in regard to open and public spaces?
- John Hill
Sep 26, 2012
...The essays are as eclectic as the writers' viewpoints, making them rich and provocative. The common thread, which is so clearly stated in the book’s acknowledgements, is their "commitment to the important role that public space, universal access, equity, and design can play to enhance democracy and promote freedom of expression." The concepts of public commons and the agora became part of the conversation not only within the context of cultural citizenship, but also in the vital role design plays in forming the public sector.
- Maxinne Rhea Leighton, Assoc. AIA
This Big City
Oct 15, 2012
Dedicated to "our grandkids, their friends, and their generation", the collection of works truly takes a visionary approach by offering solutions and recommendations to the problem of decreasing public engagement for current and future generations. Anyone who wishes to spark change and engage ordinary citizens in a discourse that is rightfully theirs will be inspired by this book.
- Janey Lee
Oct 17, 2012
Lending another, more profound perspective to the import of public space is the recent publication of Beyond Zuccotti Park: Freedom of Assembly and the Occupation of Public Space
(New Village Press, $19.95). A compilation of critical opinion cobbled together following the aborted Occupy Wall Street demonstrations, the book's essays survey the importance of public space as a forum for citizen expression granted by the US Constitution and how it has been compromised by the powers-that-be. At issue is no less than essence of democracy, so state Lance Jay Brown and Ron Shiffman, activist academics among the distinguished editors, in a forceful introduction.
- Sam Hall Kaplan
Midwest Book Review
Oct 1, 2012
The right to peacefully assemble is one of the most treasured rights of the constitution. Beyond Zuccotti Park: Freedom of Assembly and the Occupation of Public Space
explores the Occupy movements over recent history and how they have brought a new challenge to the concerns surrounding the right to assembly and the legal battles that have spilled forth, as people have used the right to assembly strongly in their pursuit of social justice. Beyond Zucotti Park
is a fine collection of thoughts and articles on the movement and the change it has made in ways that have not been expected in social planning and other elements of society, highly recommended.
New York Times
architecture critic Michael Kimmelman asks, "Where are the spaces in which we act as a community? Who governs them? Who decides their design? Their use? And should we blur the controls, the boundaries, the authority, and the thresholds between public and private space, between streets and sidewalks?" The Occupy Wall Street movement has challenged the physical manifestation of the First Amendment right to freedom of assembly. In a new book, 41 social scientists, planners, architects and civil liberties experts -- including Saskia Sassen and Michael Sorkin -- explore the definition, use, role and importance of public space for the exercise of our democratic rights to free expression.
Beyond Zuccotti Park: Freedom of Assembly and the Occupation of Public Space
made Planetizen's top 10 list of books in urban planning, design, and development published in 2012!
"The Planetizen editorial staff based this year's list on a number of criteria, including editorial reviews, popularity, number of references, sales figures, recommendations from experts and the book's potential impact on the urban planning, development and design professions.
Planetizen's List of Top 10 Books of 2012
Dec 10, 2012
Last year the Center for Architecture initiated a series of discussions titled Freedom of Assembly, the first of which, in December 2011, was a swift reflection upon the Occupy Wall Street (OWS) movement. Last Sunday was the third panel of the series that accompanied an exhibition entitled "Beyond Zuccotti Park." The exhibition, in turn, is derived from a book by the same name. In all, the Center has become a forum for one of the most relevant intersections of occupy-thinking and standard architecture and planning practices.
Report from the Field: Freedom of Assembly and Public Space Today -Greta Hansen
Sep 26, 2012
Today The Rockefeller Foundation President Dr. Judith Rodin announced the recipients of the 2012 Jane Jacobs Medal – Ronald Shiffman, Rosanne Haggerty, Carl Skelton, and the team from ioby – Erin Barnes, Brandon Whitney, and Cassie Flynn. The Medals are awarded each year to recipients whose work creates new ways of seeing and understanding New York City, challenges traditional assumptions and creatively uses the urban environment to make New York City a place of hope and expectation...
Ron Shiffman Awarded 2012 Jane Jacobs Medal -Rockefeller Foundation
Oct 10, 2012
Anniversaries help us remember something they may have otherwise forgotten—something significant happened almost exactly a year ago in New York, at Zuccotti Park. Our current show "Beyond Zuccotti Park," at the Center for Architecture through September 22 marks the first anniversary of Occupy Wall Street.
Occupy Anniversary: Looking Back at the Intersection of Protest and Public Space -Center for Architecture
New York City has these strange beasts called Privately Owned Public Spaces (or POPS), which were put to some significant tests for the first time in recent history during the Occupy Wall Street protests. Many planners were watching the protests to see if privately owned spaces, like Zuccotti Park, could truly operate as public spaces for protest and debate, as the public realm in a democratic republic like ours should. This is an important issue, because there are so few truly public spaces (that are not parks or streets) in this big city....
Beyond Zuccotti Park -alinefader
Jul 30, 2012
In the Progressive Planning Magazine
Fall 2012 issue, an article was adapted from A Call for Actions
by Ron Shiffman and Jeffrey Hou, a chapter from Beyond Zuccotti Park
. Below is an excerpt:
"...We need to be vigilant to ensure that both the availability of public space and the policies that govern its use in no way impede the right to assemble. Rules need to be assessed and promoted that allow us, and our neighbors, to engage in activities that lead to social inclusion. Remember that most of our cities are pluralistic and not homogeneous. Too many of our neighborhoods are the opposite.
[Jeffrey Hou's chapter from Beyond Zuccotti Park
was reprinted with beautiful and rich visuals in Design Observer/Places
On the streets near Yoyogi Park in Tokyo, young musicians defy the official rule and transform the sidewalks into a performance space. In the entrance to the HSBC Headquarters in Hong Kong, Filipino guest workers congregate on Sundays and the generic corporate foyer becomes a festive gathering place. In East Los Angeles, Latino residents have retrofitted streets, buildings and residential front yards to support a culturally richer and more vibrant social life. Every day, vendors from Mumbai to Madrid repurpose city streets into temporary markets — legal or illegal. Across North America, immigrant groups have created sanctuaries and refuges in ethnic malls and multicultural neighborhoods and suburbs. These are just a few examples of how citizens are reshaping public spaces — and urban life — in cities around the world. 
Sep 24, 2012