Roberta Brandes Gratz is a journalist, author, and New York City Landmarks Preservation Commissioner. Her work has emphasized historic preservation and community development based on organic, incremental concepts like urban husbandry. Gratz's published works include Cities Back from the Edge: New Life for Downtown (Wiley, 2000) and The Living City: Thinking Small in a Big Way (Wiley, 1994). Her most recent title is The Battle for Gotham: New York in the Shadow of Robert Moses and Jane Jacobs (Nation Books/Basic Books, 2010). Gratz has received awards from the American Institute of Architects, American Planning Association, Municipal Art Society, the New York Press Club, and the City Club of New York. Gratz was a member of the New York Governor's and Mayor’s Task Force on Planning Manhattan’s West Side Highway and Waterfront. She founded the Fire Island Historical Society. She is a native and resident of New York City.